Green Chemistry, 2nd Edition

Written by: Stanley Manahan (University of Missouri-Columbia)

An introductory level chemistry textbook with a strong focus on sustainability. The author, Dr. Stanley Manahan, suggests that any discussion regarding green chemistry should also include environmental chemistry and the science of industrial ecology.

Manahan explains the five overlapping and interacting environmental spheres – the biosphere, the hydrosphere, the geosphere, the atmosphere and the anthrosphere (“all things humans have made and the systems they operate throughout the environment”).

Table of Contents for Green Chemistry

  1. Chemistry, Green Chemistry, and Environmental Chemistry
    1. Chemistry Is Good
    2. The Environment and the Five Environmental Spheres
    3. What Is Environmental Chemistry?
    4. Environmental Pollution
    5. What Is Green Chemistry?
    6. Green Chemistry and Synthetic Chemistry
    7. Reduction of Risk: Hazard and Exposure
    8. The Risks of No Risks
    9. Waste Prevention
    10. Basic Principles of Green Chemistry
    11. Some Things to Know About Chemistry before You Even Start
    12. Combining Atoms to Make Molecules and Compounds
    13. The Process of Making and Breaking Chemical Bonds: Chemical Reactions .
    14. The Nature of Matter and States of Matter
  2. The Elements: Basic Building Blocks of Green Chemicals
    1. Elements, Atoms, and Atomic Theory
    2. Hydrogen, the Simplest Atom
    3. Helium, the First Noble Gas
    4. Lithium, the First Metal
    5. .. The Second Period of the Periodic Table
    6. The Special Significance of the Octet of Outer Shell Electrons
    7. Completing the -Element Periodic Table
    8. The Brief Periodic Table Is Complete
  3. Compounds: Safer Materials for a Safer World
    1. Chemical Bonds and Compound Formation
    2. Electrons Involved in Chemical Bonds and Octets of Electrons
    3. Sodium Chloride and Ionic Bonds
    4. Covalent Bonds in H and Other Molecules
    5. Covalent Bonds in Compounds
    6. Covalent Bonds and Green Chemistry
    7. Predicting Covalently Bound Compounds
    8. Chemical Formulas, the Mole, and Percentage Composition
    9. What Are Chemical Compounds Called?
    10. Acids, Bases, and Salts
  4. Chemical Reactions: Making Materials Safely Without Damaging the Environment
    1. Describing What Happens With Chemical Equations
    2. Balancing Chemical Equations
    3. Just Because You Can Write It Does Not Mean That It Will Happen
    4. Yield and Atom Economy in Chemical Reactions
    5. Catalysts That Make Reactions Go
    6. Kinds of Chemical Reactions
    7. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions and Green Chemistry
    8. Quantitative Information from Chemical Reactions
    9. Stoichiometry By the Mole Ratio Method
    10. Limiting Reactant and Percent Yield
    11. Titrations: Measuring Moles By Volumes of Solution
    12. Industrial Chemical Reactions: The Solvay Process
  5. The Wonderful World of Carbon: Organic Chemistry and Biochemicals
    1. Rings and Chains of Carbon Atoms
    2. Compounds of Carbon and Hydrogen: Hydrocarbons
    3. Lines Showing Organic Structural Formulas
    4. Functional Groups
    5. Giant Molecules from Small Organic Molecules
    6. Life Chemicals
    7. Carbohydrates
    8. Proteins
    9. Lipids: Fats, Oils, and Hormones
    10. Nucleic Acids
  6. Energy Relationships
    1. Energy
    2. Radiant Energy from the Sun
    3. Storage and Release of Energy By Chemicals
    4. Energy Sources
    5. Conversions Between Forms of Energy
    6. Green Engineering and Energy Conversion Efficiency
    7. Conversion of Chemical Energy
    8. Renewable Energy Sources
    9. Nuclear Energy: Will it Rise Again?
  7. Water, the Ultimate Green Solvent: Its Uses and Environmental Chemistry
    1. HO: Simple Formula, Complex Molecule
    2. Important Properties of Water
    3. Water Distribution and Supply
    4. Bodies of Water and Life in Water
    5. Chemical Processes in Water
    6. Fizzy Water from Underground
    7. (Weak) Acid from the Sky
    8. Why Natural Waters Contain Alkalinity and Calcium
    9. Metals in Water
    10. Water Interactions with Other Phases
    11. Heavy Metal Water Pollutants
    12. Inorganic Water Pollutants
    13. Organic Water Pollutants
    14. Pesticides in Water
    15. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
    16. Radioactive Substances in Water
    17. Water Treatment
  8. Air and the Atmosphere
    1. More Than Just Air to Breathe
    2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Photochemical Reactions
    3. Energy and Mass Transfer in the Atmosphere
    4. Atmospheric Oxygen and Nitrogen
    5. Atmospheric Pollutant Particles
    6. Pollutant Gaseous Oxides
    7. Acid Rain
    8. Miscellaneous Gases in the Atmosphere
    9. CO: The Ultimate Air Pollutant?
    10. Photochemical Smog
  9. The Biosphere: How the Revolution in Biology Relates to Green Chemistry
    1. Green Chemistry and the Biosphere
    2. Biology and the Biosphere
    3. Cells: Basic Units of Life
    4. Metabolism and Control Organisms
    5. Reproduction and Inherited Traits
    6. Stability and Equilibrium of the Biosphere
    7. DNA and the Human Genome
    8. Genetic Engineering
    9. Biological Interaction With Environmental Chemicals
    10. Biodegradation
    11. The Anthrosphere in Support of the Biosphere
  10. The Geosphere, Soil, and Food Production: The Second Green Revolution
    1. The Solid Earth
    2. Environmental Hazards of the Geosphere
    3. Water in and on the Geosphere
    4. Anthrospheric Influences on the Geosphere
    5. The Geosphere as a Waste Repository
    6. Have You Thanked a Clod Today?
    7. Production of Food and Fiber on Soil — Agriculture
    8. Plant Nutrients and Fertilizers
    9. Pesticides and Agricultural Production
    10. Soil and Plants Related to Wastes And Pollutants
    11. Soil Loss — Desertification and Deforestation
    12. Agricultural Applications of Genetically Modified Organisms
  11. Toward a Green Atmosphere through Industrial Ecology
    1. Industrial Ecology and Industrial Ecosystems
    2. Metabolic Processes in Industrial Ecosystems
    3. Life Cycles in Industrial Ecosystems
    4. Kinds of Products
    5. Attributes Required by an Industrial Ecosystem
    6. Kalundborg
    7. Environmental Impacts of Industrial Ecosystems
    8. Green Chemistry in The Service of Industrial Ecosystems
    9. Feedstocks, Reagents, Media, and Catalysts
  12. Feedstocks: Maximum Utilization of Renewable and Biological Materials
    1. Sources of Feedstocks
    2. Utilization of Feedstocks
    3. Biological Feedstocks
    4. Fermentation and Plant Sources of Chemicals
    5. Glucose As Feedstock
    6. Cellulose
    7. Feedstocks from Cellulose Wastes
    8. Direct Biosynthesis of Polymers
    9. Bioconversion Processes for Synthetic Chemicals
  13. Terrorism, Toxicity, And Vulnerability: Chemistry in Defense of Human Welfare
    1. Vulnerability to Terrorist Attack
    2. Protecting the Anthrosphere
    3. Substances That Explode, Burn, or React Violently
    4. Toxic Substances and Toxicology
    5. Toxic Chemical Attack
    6. Protecting Water, Food, and Air
    7. Detecting Hazards
    8. Green Chemistry to Combat Terrorism
    9. Green Chemistry for Sustainable Prosperity and a Safer World
  14. The Ten Commandments of Sustainability

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Green Chemistry, 2nd Edition

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