# Calculus

Written by: Gilbert Strang (MIT)

This is a great opportunity for calculus students. MIT professor Gilbert Strang has made the 1991 edition of his textbook, answer key and instructor’s manual available online. Homeschoolers should really check out this complete Calculus course for their kids.

The textbook covers single variable and multivariable calculus in depth, and is rich with applications. There is also a series of videos on real life applications of calculus. Each chapter is offered as a single PDF file or groups of sections can be downloaded together.

1. Introduction to Calculus
1. Velocity and Distance
2. Calculus Without Limits
3. The Velocity at an Instant
4. Circular Motion
5. A Review of Trigonometry
6. A Thousand Points of Light
7. Computing in Calculus
2. Derivatives
1. The Derivative of a Function
2. Powers and Polynomials
3. The Slope and the Tangent Line
4. Derivative of the Sine and Cosine
5. The Product and Quotient and Power Rules
6. Limits
7. Continuous Functions
3. Applications of the Derivative
1. Linear Approximation
2. Maximum and Minimum Problems
3. Second Derivatives: Minimum vs. Maximum
4. Graphs
5. Ellipses, Parabolas, and Hyperbolas
6. Iterations x[n+1] = F(x[n])
7. Newton’s Method and Chaos
8. The Mean Value Theorem and l’Hôpital’s Rule
4. The Chain Rule
1. Derivatives by the Charin Rule
2. Implicit Differentiation and Related Rates
3. Inverse Functions and Their Derivatives
4. Inverses of Trigonometric Functions
5. Integrals
1. The Idea of an Integral
2. Antiderivatives
3. Summation vs. Integration
4. Indefinite Integrals and Substitutions
5. The Definite Integral
6. Properties of the Integral and the Average Value
7. The Fundamental Theorem and Its Consequences
8. Numerical Integration
6. Exponentials and Logarithms
1. An Overview
2. The Exponential e^x
3. Growth and Decay in Science and Economics
4. Logarithms
5. Separable Equations Including the Logistic Equation
7. Hyperbolic Functions
7. Techniques of Integration
1. Integration by Parts
2. Trigonometric Integrals
3. Trigonometric Substitutions
4. Partial Fractions
5. Improper Integrals
8. Applications of the Integral
1. Areas and Volumes by Slices
2. Length of a Plane Curve
3. Area of a Surface of Revolution
4. Probability and Calculus
5. Masses and Moments
6. Force, Work, and Energy
9. Polar Coordinates and Complex Numbers
1. Polar Coordinates
2. Polar Equations and Graphs
3. Slope, Length, and Area for Polar Curves
4. Complex Numbers
10. Infinite Series
1. The Geometric Series
2. Convergence Tests: Positive Series
3. Convergence Tests: All Series
4. The Taylor Series for e^x, sin x, and cos x
5. Power Series
11. Vectors and Matrices
1. Vectors and Dot Products
2. Planes and Projections
3. Cross Products and Determinants
4. Matrices and Linear Equations
5. Linear Algebra in Three Dimensions
12. Motion along a Curve
1. The Position Vector
2. Plane Motion: Projectiles and Cycloids
3. Tangent Vector and Normal Vector
4. Polar Coordinates and Planetary Motion
13. Partial Derivatives
1. Surface and Level Curves
2. Partial Derivatives
3. Tangent Planes and Linear Approximations
5. The Chain Rule
6. Maxima, Minima, and Saddle Points
7. Constraints and Lagrange Multipliers
14. Multiple Integrals
1. Double Integrals
2. Changing to Better Coordinates
3. Triple Integrals
4. Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates
15. Vector Calculus
1. Vector Fields
2. Line Integrals
3. Green’s Theorem
4. Surface Integrals
5. The Divergence Theorem
6. Stokes’ Theorem and the Curl of F
16. Mathematics after Calculus
1. Linear Algebra
2. Differential Equations
3. Discrete Mathematics

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Calculus 