Atmospheric Chemistry

Written by: Daniel J. Jacob (Harvard University)

An introductory Atmospheric Chemistry textbook available freely online or as a downloadable PDF. Professor Daniel J. Jacob of Harvard University may refer to these materials as lecture notes, but they are more well-written than many textbooks.

The materials were used for a one semester, undergraduate course entitled Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry which has been taught by Jacob since 1992. Each chapter contains a set of problems. Numerical answers are provided. More detailed solutions are only available to course instructors upon request.

Table of Contents for Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry Textbook

1 Measures Of Atmospheric Composition
1.1 Mixing Ratio
1.2 Number Density
1.3 Partial Pressure
2 Atmospheric Pressure
2.1 Measuring Atmospheric Pressure
2.2 Mass Of The Atmosphere
2.3 Vertical Profiles Of Pressure And Temperature
2.4 Barometric Law
2.5 The Sea-Breeze Circulation
3 Simple Models
3.1 One-Box Model
3.1.1 Concept Of Lifetime
3.1.2 Mass Balance Equation
3.2 Multi-Box Models
3.3 Puff Models
4 Atmospheric Transport
4.1 Geostrophic Flow
4.1.1 Coriolis Force
4.1.2 Geostrophic Balance
4.1.3 The Effect Of Friction
4.2 The General Circulation
4.3 Vertical Transport
4.3.1 Buoyancy
4.3.2 Atmospheric Stability
4.3.3 Adiabatic Lapse Rate
4.3.4 Latent Heat Release From Cloud Formation
4.3.5 Atmospheric Lapse Rate
4.4 Turbulence
4.4.1 Description Of Turbulence
4.4.2 Turbulent Flux
4.4.3 Parameterization Of Turbulence
4.4.4 Time Scales For Vertical Transport
5 The Continuity Equation
5.1 Eulerian Form
5.1.1 Derivation
5.1.2 Discretization
5.2 Lagrangian Form
6 Geochemical Cycles
6.1 Geochemical Cycling Of Elements
6.2 Early Evolution Of The Atmosphere
6.3 The Nitrogen Cycle
6.4 The Oxygen Cycle
6.5 The Carbon Cycle
6.5.1 Mass Balance Of Atmospheric Co2
6.5.2 Carbonate Chemistry In The Ocean
6.5.3 Uptake Of Co2 By The Ocean
6.5.4 Uptake Of Co2 By The Terrestrial Biosphere
6.5.5 Box Model Of The Carbon Cycle
7 The Greenhouse Effect
7.1 Radiation
7.2 Effective Temperature Of The Earth
7.2.1 Solar And Terrestrial Emission Spectra
7.2.2 Radiative Balance Of The Earth
7.3 Absorption Of Radiation By The Atmosphere
7.3.1 Spectroscopy Of Gas Molecules
7.3.2 A Simple Greenhouse Model
7.3.3 Interpretation Of The Terrestrial Radiation Spectrum
7.4 Radiative Forcing
7.4.1 Definition Of Radiative Forcing
7.4.2 Application
7.4.3 Radiative Forcing And Surface Temperature
7.5 Water Vapor And Cloud Feedbacks
7.5.1 Water Vapor
7.5.2 Clouds
7.6 Optical Depth
8 Aerosols
8.1 Sources And Sinks Of Aerosols
8.2 Radiative Effects
8.2.1 Scattering Of Radiation
8.2.2 Visibility Reduction
8.2.3 Perturbation To Climate
9 Chemical Kinetics
9.1 Rate Expressions For Gas-Phase Reactions
9.1.1 Bimolecular Reactions
9.1.2 Three-Body Reactions
9.2 Reverse Reactions And Chemical Equilibria
9.3 Photolysis
9.4 Radical-Assisted Reaction Chains
10 Stratospheric Ozone
10.1 Chapman Mechanism
10.1.1 The Mechanism
10.1.2 Steady-State Solution
10.2 Catalytic Loss Cycles
10.2.1 Hydrogen Oxide Radicals (Hox)
10.2.2 Nitrogen Oxide Radicals (Nox)
10.2.3 Chlorine Radicals (Clox)
10.3 Polar Ozone Loss
10.3.1 Mechanism For Ozone Loss
10.3.2 Psc Formation
10.3.3 Chronology Of The Ozone Hole
10.4 Aerosol Chemistry
11 Oxidizing Power Of The Troposphere
11.1 The Hydroxyl Radical
11.1.1 Tropospheric Production Of Oh
11.1.2 Global Mean Oh Concentration
11.2 Global Budgets Of Co And Methane
11.3 Cycling Of Hox And Production Of Ozone
11.3.1 Oh Titration
11.3.2 Co Oxidation Mechanism
11.3.3 Methane Oxidation Mechanism
11.4 Global Budget Of Nitrogen Oxides
11.5 Global Budget Of Tropospheric Ozone
11.6 Anthropogenic Influence On Ozone And Oh
12 Ozone Air Pollution
12.1 Air Pollution And Ozone
12.2 Ozone Formation And Control Strategies
12.3 Ozone Production Efficiency
13 Acid Rain
13.1 Chemical Composition Of Precipitation
13.1.1 Natural Precipitation
13.1.2 Precipitation Over North America
13.2 Sources Of Acids: Sulfur Chemistry
13.3 Effects Of Acid Rain
13.4 Emission Trends
Numerical Solutions To Problems

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Atmospheric Chemistry

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